Gender Market Analysis Consultancy Job DRC Kenya 2020
Career Employment Kenya: Gender Market Analysis Consultancy Job DRC Kenya 2020
Job Description: Today Work Kenya

TERMS OF REFERENCE TO CONDUCT A GENDER MARKET ANALYSIS FOR ABLI – GARISSA PROJECT

BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION

Area Based Livelihoods Initiative – Garissa (ABLI-G) is a three (3)-year project that commenced in April 2020, funded by the European Union (EU) Trust Fund for Stability and Addressing the Root Causes of Irregular Migration and Displaced Persons in Africa (EUTF). The EUTF’s stated overall objective for the action under this funding modality is to enhance the self-reliance of refugees and host communities in Kenya. This proposed action addresses the third component of the programme: ‘pilot initiatives in support of economic self-reliance of refugees and host communities in Garissa County’. This action seeks to ensure a more integrated approach of linking skills to the labour market based on comprehensive market and value chain analyses; and following it up with support and mentorship for business development and entrepreneurship. The project aims to further promote an enabling environment for income generation in terms of access to formal and informal business opportunities and freedom of movement, finance, market linkages, resolution of localized and small-scale disputes that adversely affect economic activities and documentation (in the case of refugees). The action will be implemented in close coordination with the other two complementary and mutually-reinforcing components.

The project is implemented by three partners namely, Danish Refugee Council (DRC) as the lead implementing agency, with Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and International Trade Centre (ITC).

Overall objective of the project

  • To enhance self-reliance for refugees and host communities of Garissa County.

Expected specific outcomes of the project

  • Refugee and local individuals have improved and diversified skills and competencies that support opportunities for income generation and saving, resulting in increased absorptive resilience.
  • Entrepreneurs and enterprises have improved economic opportunities through promotion of entrepreneurship and business development capacity resulting in strengthened adaptive resilience.
  • Improved business environment that enables economic opportunities for refugee and local communities, resulting in enhanced transformative resilience capacity of market systems.

Expected results of the project:

  • Enhanced employability and self-employment capacity of refugees and local communities;
  • Improved economic opportunities through promotion of entrepreneurship and business development; and
  • Promotion of a business environment that allows access to economic opportunities for refugee and host community.

Target Beneficiaries

  • Overall, the project targets at least 5,000 direct beneficiaries. The project will work with county and national government, young people, women, men, the private sector and trade institutions in Dadaab. While the action will aim to give equal opportunity to both refugee and host community beneficiaries to participate in the action thus aiming for a 50:50 split in targeted individuals, other factors such as need in the target communities, appropriateness of individual activities to meet the specific needs of beneficiaries, Age, Gender and Diversity (AGD) criteria amongst others will also be considered. Detailed targeting criteria will be further informed by assessment findings and consultations.

CONTEXT AND BACKGROUND TO THE PROJECT

Dadaab refugee camps hosted close to 218,873 registered refugees as of July 2020 (UNHCR July 2020 statistics) with many first and second-generation refugees who have been born there. Efforts to build skills among refugee populations in Dadaab have created capacity in different areas however, in the majority of cases these initiatives have not systematically linked the refugees’ work to market opportunities. NRC and the ITC Refugee Employment and Skills Initiative (RESI) project baseline survey done in March 2018 revealed that various graduates were not using their acquired skills to earn income or access sustainable work opportunities. Many of the skills did not match the needs of the market, and there remains a lack of focus on creating an enabling environment for business development. This has led to primarily informal business opportunities for refugees and limited formal trade and business with the host community. Refugees and host community members alike lack proper market information and access to necessary business services to develop a small business or to grow their existing ventures.
The identified overarching challenges limiting sustainable livelihood opportunities have been identified and include weak vocational and entrepreneurial skills, limited capacity for business development and entrepreneurship, and obstacles within the business environment, such as the lack of information and relevant partners with whom to create business partnerships. Moreover, refugees have limited access to external markets, which is crucial in establishment of market linkages to translate the skills acquired into sustainable income and livelihood sources. Strong market links must be developed in order to provide refugees and host community members an opportunity to shift from a model of continued dependency towards self-reliance. Further, there remains a lack of focus on creating an enabling environment for business development. This has created a growing need for socio-economic integration into the local areas through an integrated approach from skills to the labour market.

Notably, women and men experience market systems differently and tend to have unique opportunities and constraints based on gender. The gender roles assigned to men and women have an impact on their respective access to resources and services and the power to decide over their use. They have an impact on women and men’s differentiated roles and participation in value chains and their respective control over decisions that affect their engagement in and/or the management of the chain as well as the use of benefits and losses generated by the activity. The situation of refugee women and female youth is particularly difficult. Women in Dadaab often face limited access to basic services and opportunities (including education). Notwithstanding, they contribute almost half of household revenues whilst continuing to take almost sole responsibility for domestic chores, childcare etc. further limiting their ability to access available services and opportunities. Therefore, not only do the challenges women face in achieving their income potential have to be considered, but also the social and gender norms they face considering the significant role they play in household income and as such need to be central in any livelihood intervention.

OBJECTIVE OF THE GENDER MARKET ANALYSIS

The primary objective of this analysis is to examine the engagement of women and men in value chains that offer the most potential and opportunity for formal and informal income generation. Gender analysis would be applied at different stages of the identified value chains, and would assess physical, social, legal and economic access to relevant business enabling services.

The secondary objective of this in-depth analysis is to fully understand differences in participation, constraints and opportunities between women and men, as well as critical intervention points to create gender-equitable outcomes. This is to ensure that the project is able to identify the main economic activities led by women as well as those with the potential for engaging women meaningfully while understanding how these activities can be supported to boost income generation and household finances.

PURPOSE

The main purpose of this analysis is to identify new opportunities and potential new value chains for women and/or households where they do not participate in but can be supported to do so. The findings of the study will also be used to update existing evidence related to main economic activities led by women and men in targeted refugee and host communities in the implementation area, and to understand how those activities can be supported to boost income generation and household finances.

Through this, gaps, discrimination and key gender issues will be identified and discussions facilitated in light of the multiple dimensions on which gender inequalities and opportunities operate including economic, social, political, legal and at different levels: individual, household, community as well as at systemic levels namely markets and institutions both national & county. Data and information emanating therefrom is expected to inform the implementation process including potential redesign of activities.

KEY RESPONSIBILITIES

Scope of Consultancy

The study should be done within the existing national legal frameworks and the methodology should adequately address the different circumstances and target groups. The geographical focus of this study is the county of Garissa, Dadaab and Fafi sub-counties targeting both refugees and host communities.
The gender market analysis should make use of scientific research approaches, and facilitate the collection of sex-disaggregated quantitative and qualitative data at different levels. Qualitative research methods should include Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with government ministries/department experts, community leaders, market traders, women in markets, civil societies, representatives of private sector institutions etc. and across different value chains, including handicraft sectors, digital enabled services and agriculture/agri- business. The study may also refer to other assessments undertaken within the project location for comparison such as the 2018 ITC and NRC Garissa County Market Assessment.

The sampled population should represent boys and girls, men and women aged between 15 – 59 years, from different communities within the refugee and host communities surrounding the camps; and data should be collected in a way that allows for it to be disaggregated by gender and age. The study should include a variety of important social groups such as: the vulnerable persons, persons with disability, the elderly, minority groups etc.
The research should be undertaken in the refugee camps and the host communities surrounding the camps in Dadaab and include sample size of a total of at least 370 respondents.

Specific activities will include:

  • Develop the study methodology and data collection instruments/tools to fit the local context.
  • Closely coordinate with the DRC and consortium partner heads on locations and outreach to local authorities for clearance as needed
  • Launch and train parallel research teams across the camps to ensure quick data collection, inclusive of the target groups.
  • Transcribe the data collected and code the transcripts in an appropriate software.
  • Analyze the data and present findings to DRC and the consortium partner heads.
  • Present the findings to the consortium and other stakeholders in a workshop setting organized by DRC.
  • Prepare written deliverables (as described below) and address feedback from the consortium & stakeholders.
  • The scope of the consultancy would include:
  • Identify and examine gender roles, responsibilities and relationships.
  • Identify and analyze gender-differentiated consumer needs and the ability of service providers to meet these demands.
  • Identify and analyze formal and informal rules/barriers that can affect women’s and men’s market participation differently.
  • Identify and analyze market systems and value chains that provide the most potential and opportunity for women’s economic participation.
  • Identify and analyze women and men’s participation in identified value chains.
  • Identify and analyze formal and informal rules/barriers that can affect women’s and men’s participation in identified value chains differently.
  • Analyze gender issues in online opportunities.
  • Recommend accessible and sustainable economic opportunities that women can engage in, for both refugees and host communities.
  • Identify policy gaps affecting the involvement of women in economic activities for both refugee and host communities and recommend actionable advocacy interventions to address the same.

Methodology

  • The Interested consultants are expected to propose the design and methodology of the study that would ensure delivery of the expected outcomes in response to the ToR. The methodology should demonstrate robustness and rigor in addressing the objectives of the analysis. The analysis will facilitate the collection of sex-disaggregated quantitative and qualitative data using both a gender and a market chain development perspective, whilst taking into consideration adaptations required to meet COVID-19 control regulations.The methodology proposed by the successful consultant shall be discussed, finalized and approved by the consortium team heads before commencing the study as part of quality assurance.

Key deliverables/outputs of the Gender Market Analysis

  • Inception Report: Detailing the consultant’s research design; methodology on how the specific information will be collected and analyzed; detailed sampling strategy for location, respondents and relevant documents for review during the study (with consideration of adaptation due to COVID-19 measures); draft of data collection tools/instruments adjusted to local contexts; and detailed work plan for the study.
  • Presentation on the methodology, sampling tools and plan of action to key stakeholders. Tools shall be approved by the project coordination team before data collection can commence.
  • Field briefings of the ongoing research to be submitted during data collection. This shall be preceded by initial sharing of value chains to be analyzed and the identification criteria used.
  • Draft report for review and approval by ABLI-G partners.
  • Study data sets (raw data, photos, videos etc.): A special attention will need to be paid to preserving the privacy and confidentiality of participants. At the conclusion of the study, all data collected should be anonymized before turning it over to the project coordination team in a format that does not allow for tracing answers to individuals.
  • A PowerPoint presentation of the key findings of the study to the project coordination team and stakeholders.
  • Compile and submit the final report having incorporated feedback from validation session with project coordination team and key stakeholders.

PROJECT PARTNERS AND KEY STAKEHOLDER RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Facilitation of access to relevant documentation (e.g. project proposal, relevant reports conducted on similar or related projects, publications and relevant background reports and data.)
  • Acquisition of relevant clearances at the National, County and Local levels for the study to take place.
  • Implementation of the gender market analysis plan.
  • Review and provide inputs on the analysis documents, including the tools and methodology of study, to shape the quality of the process and deliverables.
  • Facilitation in mobilizing relevant respondents to the study
  • Support in coordinating collection of data in the target areas
  • Facilitation in processing disbursements, providing operational support in terms of technical inputs and necessary approvals where required.

REPORTING ARRANGEMENTS

  • The consultant shall report to the ABLI-G Project Manager in all matters as pertains the consultancy. Key project stakeholders within the consortium as well as other external stakeholders will also be involved in managing the study by playing different roles.

DURATION OF ASSIGNMENT

  • The consultancy will be conducted in 25 days in the month of October 2020, beginning October 1, 2020. The resource person/consultant is supposed to complete his/her work within agreed timeframe, DRC will monitor the process closely. If the resource person/consultant fails to conduct the study/assessment as per agreed work plan then DRC has a right to terminate his/her contract with immediate effect without giving any notice.

EXPECTED PROFILE OF CONSULT

The desired specification and qualities of the consultant (s) are:

  • The consultancy firm / individual consultant(s) is/are registered under Kenyan law.
  • The consultancy firm / individual consultant is well trained and experienced in the subject matter (especially gender analysis). Proof/examples of work where gender lens in value chain analysis has taken place is required.
  • The consultancy firm / individual consultant has at least 8 years’ experience and has track record in conducting a related assessment in a refugee context, and especially with women.
  • Working experience in the study location is an added advantage.
  • Advanced degree in development, agriculture, economics, rural development, Gender or related fields, with extensive experience in gender market analysis & programming, and/or managing projects in these fields.
  • Proven experience of using participatory methods for data collection and analysis.
  • Excellent spoken and written communication skills in English. Knowledge of Somali language is an asset.
  • Excellent skills and ability to articulate ideas in a clear and accurate manner including the ability to prepare reports. Good data presentation and visualization skills.
  • Strong interpersonal skills, analytical skills and ability to establish and maintain effective working relations

TERMS AND CONDITIONS

  • Applications must be in English
  • The consultant has relevant equipment & tools for the assessment.
  • The consultant shall not assign this contract or subcontract any portion of it without DRC’s prior written consent.
  • Any documentary materials that will be produced during this study belong to DRC and the consultant may be allowed to keep a copy.